Neuropathy is a basic term representing disruptions in the regular performance of the peripheral nerves. The reasons for neuropathy are different therefore is the treatment. Numerous a times, the neuropathy is practically permanent and the treatment is primarily focused on preventing further progression of the nerve damage and other supportive measures to avoid any issues due to neuropathy.
Neuropathies due to dietary shortages are generally treated with the replenishment of the lacking nutrient. Neuropathies due to shortage of vitamins like cobalamin, thiamine, pyridoxine, niacin are dealt with by providing the vitamin supplementation orally or by intramuscular injection of the vitamin if deficiency is due to defective absorption of vitamins from the diet. Treatment might or might not completely reverse the neuropathy and alleviate the signs and oftentimes there is some irreversible damage to nerves and relentless signs in spite of therapy. Recently neuropathy due to copper deficiency has also been found. It too is treated with oral copper salts or intravenous injection of copper salts. Once again the action varies and might take numerous months.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are dealt with based upon specific cause and the nerve involved. Carpal tunnel syndrome treatment varies from medical approaches like NSAID (like Ibuprofen), regional injection of steroids in wrist, and preventing annoying elements like typing in wrong positions, use of hand tools and so on. If signs not eased by this method, then surgery is also an option and is usually alleviative if no irreversible damage to nerve has actually already occurred. Again, each neuropathy is special and treatment varies.
The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other illness is the treatment of the primary disease causing the neuropathy. If neuropathy is because of Myxedema, triggered by lack of thyroid hormone, then treatment is replacing the thyroid hormonal agent. Treatment of Diabetic Neuropathy is primarily helpful. In diabetic neuropathies, some forms like Mononeuropathies are reversible but the majority of are irreparable. Stringent control of blood glucose levels to slow the further development is of critical significance. Other treatment is based on the symptoms, like discomfort is handled with NSAID and numerous other drugs. Similarly the neuropathy related to Rheumatoid Arthritis typically reacts to the treatment of Rheumatoid arthritis (with immunomodulators).
Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergic reaction is avoiding the irritant food product causing neuropathy. There may be some particular treatment in specific cases, more info like neuropathy due to isoniazid can typically be prevented by offering pyridoxine along with it.
Numerous a times, the neuropathy is almost irreparable and the treatment is generally focused on preventing further development of the nerve damage and other helpful measures to avoid any issues due to neuropathy.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are treated based on specific cause and the nerve included. The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other diseases is the treatment of the primary illness triggering the neuropathy. Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergy is preventing the irritant food item causing neuropathy.